Viswasree-Nutmeg

Viswasree (Nutmeg)

Year of Release
2001
Pedigree
Clonal selection from elite trees
Areas of Adoption
All nutmeg growing areas of Kerala
Crop Duration
6 years for first harvest
Yield
480 kg mace/ha at 8" year 3122 kg nuts/ha
Potential yield
4800 kg mace/ha at 25" year 31220 kg nuts/ha
Quality Attribute
Nut oil
7.14%
Mace oil
7.13%
Nut recovery
70%
Mace recovery
35%
Oleoresin in mace
13.8%
Butter in nut
12.48%
Myristicin in mace oil
20.03%
Elemicin in nut oil
13.65%
Elemicin in mace oil
13.65%
Morphological Characters
Height of tree at 9 years(m)
3-5
Width of the canopy(m)
3-3.5
Trunk girth at 9 years(cm)
45
Leaf length/bredth(cm)
18/5
Nature of flowering
2-3 flowers in every axil
Time taken for flowering
4 years
Shoot regeneration capacity
18.90/4 plants
Yield per tree, 8th year
100 fruits, 1.33 Kg mace, 9 kg dry nut
Colour of mace
Dark red
Colour of seed
Shining black
Size of seed
Bold
Reaction to major pests and diseases

Low incidence of fruit rot caused by Diplodia spp.

Special characteristics

A selection with high shoot regeneration capacity. Gives quality quills. Bark oil, leaf oil and oleoresin contents are high giving good aroma and taste.

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